District Profile

Krishnagiri district is bounded by Vellore and Thiruvannamalai districts in the East, Karnataka state in the west, State of Andhra Pradesh in the North Dharmapuri District in the south. Its area is 5143 Sq. Kms. The average rainfall is 830 mm per annum. Three languages namely Tamil, Telugu and Kannada are predominantly spoken in this district.

Krishnagiri District has 2 Municipalities, 10 Panchayat Unions, 7 Town Panchayats, 352 Village Panchayats and 636 Revenue Villages.

Administrative Divisions:

Revenue Divisions : 2 ( Krishnagiri & Hosur )

Revenue Taluks : 5 ( Krishnagiri, Hosur, Denkanikottai, Pochampalli & Uthangarai)

Taluk No.of Revenue Villages
Krishnagiri 142
Hosur 176
Denkanikottai 93
Pochampalli 40
Uthangarai 185
Total 636

Blocks: 10 ( Barugur, Hosur, Kaverippattinam, Kelamangalam, Krishnagiri, Mathur, Shoolagiri, Thally, Uthangarai & Veppanappalli )

Block No.of Panchayats
Barugur 36
Hosur 30
Kaverippattinam 36
Kelamangalam 28
Krishnagiri 30
Mathur 24
Shoolagiri 42
Thally 50
Uthangarai 34
Veppanappalli 27
Total 337
Total Population 15,46,700
Urban Population 2,53,989
Rural Population 12,92,711
Density of Population per Sq. Km. 301
Sex Ratio 944/1,000
Literacy rate 58.11%

This district is connected by Prime Minister's Golden Rectangle Project executed by National Highways Authority of India. This district has a network of 5 National Highways converging.

  • NH-7 (Kanyakumari-Kashmir)
  • NH-46 (Chennai-Bangalore)
  • NH-66 (Pondicherry-Bangalore)
  • NH-207 (Sarjapur-Bagalur-Hosur)
  • NH-219 (Krishnagiri-Kuppam)
Flora & Fauna:

The major wild animals include Elephants, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Gaur, Wild boar, Panther etc. The forest area of Denkanikottai Taluk forms the prime elephant habitat with lot of bamboos and this area constitutes the Cauvery elephant reserve, which is constituted over and area of about 450 Sq. Kms.

The bird population is also attractive with beautiful bird like Paradise flycatcher. Big lakes in Anchetti and Hosur areas also attract large number of migratory birds like Painted storks, Teals etc.

The flora include variety of timber trees like Rose wood, Teak, Sandal etc. Hundereds of medicinal herbs, minor forest plants like nelli, kadukkai, cheekai, pungam etc. Since pungam trees are found in abundance in this forest pungam oil is extracted from this seeds of this tress which is a non pollutant Bio-fuel. This district is also famous for its fleshy and tasty Tamarind, especially in the name of 'Urigam' variety.